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Linda’s Blog
News, insights, musings and more 


Low Pain Threshold or Low Pain Tolerance? Which is it?

Why does it matter if we know the difference? We can never know too much about how pain affects the body. The more you know, the more empowsered you are - for yourself or to help those in chronic pain.

These two terms and concepts are often misused and considered to mean the same thing - pain threshold and pain tolerance. They are actually quite different meanings. It is vital for health practitioners to know the difference in order to understand the needs of clients and patients. Pain tolerance is the amount of pain someone can stand before breaking down - physically or mentally. 

Now, someone with a low threshold can have a high tolerance and vice versa. Imagine someone who rarely feels pain but then has a major injury. Because they have little experience dealing with pain, their tolerance might be low. Meanwhile, someone who’s in pain all the time due to a low threshold may be able to function even at high pain levels that would seriously impair someone else.

A person with a low threshold and low tolerance may be severely debilitated anytime they’re in pain. Someone with a high threshold and high tolerance, on the other hand, may rarely notice being in pain.
People with a low threshold and/or low tolerance can be harshly judged by others. It’s important to realize that these people aren’t “making a big deal” out of nothing, and they’re not “weak.” These are physiological responses that we can’t control.

So if someone else feels pain from something you think shouldn’t be painful, try to understand that their experience may be very different from yours. That said, these levels can and do change over time. In someone with fibromyalgia, it may even be different during flares than it is during remissions when symptom levels are lower.

LEARN MORE about those with fibromyalgia and their thresholds and tolerances in a webinar video titled, Understanding Fibromyalgia. Order it for only $47 and receive in your inbox the webinar presentation, study guide, audio and research showing that reflexology reduces pain in those who suffer with fibromyalgia. This short course focuses on giving health professionals a knowledge base on how they can help patients and clients with FM. 
READ MORE on the rest of this article at the website,

Walking Barefoot Can Heal Your Heart?

Why do we equate relaxation and pleasure with walking barefoot along the beach as the waves roll in? Why do we take our shoes off when our feet hit a field of green grass?

Nick Polizzi with The Sacred Science says that there is good science behind shoelessness and the findings are fascinating. The following is taken from his article, Can Walking Barefoot Heal Your Heart

Is it kooky human behavior that is simply hard-wired into our genetic makeup, or is there something more to this urge to remove footwear?

Historically speaking, it seems like we’re right in step with our forebearers. Long before we had cushiony sneakers, our distant ancestors tended to walk barefoot over rock, rubble, dirt, stick, and thorn. Their feet were strong and nimble, able to sense and react to any surface they encountered. More recent native cultures often chose to walk through nature on their naked soles as well, instead of wearing moccasins or similar leather footwear.

Commonalities like “barefootedness”, that we see repeated among ancient groups, beg for further investigation as to “why?” – especially in cultures where simple foot gear was already an option.

It turns out that the sensation we feel when our feet make contact with moist sand is more than just a feeling. This therapeutic touch of mother earth is laden with remarkable health benefits, such as reducing inflammation, boosting antioxidants in our body, improving sleep, and perhaps most importantly, promoting healthy blood flow.


Gastric Endoscopy Study Goes Hand-and-Foot 

Gastrointestinal diseases are common disorders and endoscopy is the most important diagnostic method for these disorders. Due to the aggressiveness, endoscopy causes stress and anxiety in patients. Stress and anxiety prior to endoscopy reduced willingness of the patients to undergo endoscopy and increased the time of endoscopy.

According to a study at Zabol University of Medical Sciences, relief is just a foot away. Findings of the study show that the therapeutic application of reflexology on a candidate’s hands and feet reduced anxiety and stress immediately before endoscopy. 
The single-blind randomized controlled clinical trial on 95 patients concluded that hand and foot reflexology massages can be used as a medication-free, simple and unaggressive therapy to reduce stress and anxiety.

Based on its effectiveness, it is recommended to use hand and foot reflexology massages to reduce stress and anxiety in candidate patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. Further, nurses can use this method as a non-pharmacological intervention to reduce stress and anxiety in patients. Published in the International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research 2016; 8(8): 1254-1259 (, the research article further notes that findings from other studies indicate that reflexology massage reduces stress and anxiety in a variety of conditions. 

Read more about reducing stress before any medical procedure by going to  


Ten Coaching Tips for Health Professionals

While you may have not thought of yourself as a ‘coach’ to your clients or if your environment may not allow the time for a full coaching conversation, consider this.

Using the tools and theories related to behavior change, you can take the “coach approach” even in a short office visit, during an intake or in a therapy session with the following ten tips in mind. At the bottom of this list download a free report suitable as a client education handout - one way of ‘coaching’ your clients. 


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Heads UP: New Epidemic is Text Neck

It was early 2000 when everyone was plagued with carpal tunnel syndrome. Education became key for prevention by protecting the wrists from overuse of the computer mouse, poor ergonomics, etc.

The new technology-induced epidemic is “TEXT-NECK”. Estimated to affect 79% of the adult population who consistently spend time hunched over their wireless devices. Checking emails, texts and phone calls on cell phones has become a causative factor in complaints of chronic back pain, headaches and spinal curvature.

Observe any crowd and everyone has their heads down, even in restaurants. Where people used to have conversation and eye contact at dinner, it’s not unusual to see everyone at the table looking at cell phones. 

As the average 12 pound head tilts forward, pressure on the spine doubles. At a 45 degree angle, it now weighs 49 pounds and at 60 degrees

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Mindfulness and the STOP Technique

Have you had times when you just needed some “breathing space”? A simple practice that can be done anytime, anywhere and takes less than a minute is the One-Minute Breathing Space with the S.T.O.P. Technique. 

By simply tuning into what is happening right now, without expecting anything in particular, you are able to create a space to reconnect with your natural resilience and wisdom. The practice provides a way to step out of auto-pilot mode of habitual mindlessness and resulting stress and into the present moment of mindfulness.

Using the acronym of STOP, each letter represents a step in this brief and deliberate exercise to help ground you and to help you be more resilient and effective in the midst of stress, change, chaos or distractions:

  1. “S” is to stop and take stock of your current experience. Bring yourself into the present moment by asking, “What are my thoughts, feelings and emotions right now?”
  2. “T” is to take a slow, deep breath, using your breath to anchor you into the present and into a state of awareness and stillness.
  3. “O” is to observe and open outward, beyond your breath. Become aware of the field of your awareness around your body as a whole: first your body posture, face, etc and then observe sounds, smells and sights around you. 
  4. “P” means to proceed into new possibilities without expectations. Sense the world around you right now, the bigger picture of what is happening to help move you out of the habitual mode and into a natural non-reactive response. 

After creating this pause, you have ‘breathing space’ to notice your reactions to stress and to add mindfulness into all that you do. Literally, it only takes seconds to be mindful. Request a pdf of the S.T.O.P. Practice: One-Minute Breathing Space from 


Balancing the Nervous System: Foot-to-Brain Impulses

These Before and After photos are the feet of a female with a neurological condition causing contraction of toes and medial pull of foot and ankle.
A single therapeutic foot treatment that utilized the Chollar Method Nervous System Balance Technique (NSBT) show a remarkable change. 

After a single Integrative Reflexology session, not only was she extremely relaxed mentally but structurally, the contraction and muscle tightness in the entire foot was relieved. She had more flexibility and improved gait. The focus for the treatment was a specific touch therapy applied to reflex areas (points in the feet) that relate to cerebral structures and the nervous system (specifically sympathetic and parasympathetic). 

The technique called NSBTtm developed by Linda Chollar integrates touch to induce the Relaxation Response (defined by Dr. Herbert Benson, Harvard Medical School) by facilitating an impulse through the foot-to-brain connection based on the principles of foot reflexology. Research by Dr. Jesus Manzanares, MD shows that a precise dosage and intensity of a specific reflexology technique will trigger Theta brainwaves, associated with deep relaxation. 

After 23 years experience in the wellness field teaching anatomy and physiology, training in body/mind healing approaches and having helped those who struggle with neurological conditions and chronic pain, Chollar states that she is never surprised at how the body can unwind from stress, tension and pain in the right circumstances. Through healing touch therapies she has observed the human body’s structure move away from a contracted state to a place where the mind and physical can experience expansion -  from a state of fight/flight/freeze to a safe place of peace and ease. Science has revealed the brain’s plasticity and ability to change. So it is no mystery that any part of the body can do likewise. 

Chollar teaches this NSBT Method in live classes and via Skype training to health professionals, massage therapists, reflexologists and therapeutic touch practitioners. Understanding the neuro-physiology is the easy part for most — acknowledging the body’s innate healing ability is the challenge.        

For information on this training:



Relaxation Technique Reduces Anxiety Before Surgery



Join the many who have used a meditation technique that helped them REDUCE ANXIETY, use less pain medication and recover quicker after a surgery or medical procedure. 

The mind/body technique used by Harvard Medical hospitals is available to learn by phone with a certified facilitator. Studies show it is helpful for anxiety, worry, depression, chronic pain, headaches and migraines. 

Linda Chollar is a trained and certified facilitator of this 5-step technique. Utilizing guided relaxation for each person’s specific situation, listening to a guided meditation tape before, during and after a medical procedure and harnessing the proven power of intention and love of family and friends is the core of the program. Chollar persponalizes the Prep For Surgery technique with a live guided relaxation meditation by phone and provides an mp3 of the session for continued benefit which includes the positive end results each person desires.

Watch this 2-minute film clip
that aired on ABC-TV, interviewing Peggy Huddleston, author of the book, Prepare for Surgery, Heal Faster:  
People have successfully used this program for procedures ranging from dental work, knee replacement surgery, mitral valve repair, colonoscopy, biopsies, breast surgery as well as for reducing depression, anxiety and headaches. 
Linda Chollar, Certified Wellness Coach, Clinical Hypnotherapist and Pain Management Specialist is fully trained and Certified to teach Peggy Huddleston’s mind/body technique. It is helpful for anxiety, chronic pain, headaches, migraines and preparing for any medical procedure or surgery. Sessions are available by phone or in person if you live in the Los Angeles area.
Contact Linda at 310-318-3353 or . For more details on the one hour session by phone to prepare for a medical procedure by reducing anxiety and stress visit